Clinton (Tenn.) High after 1958 bombing. UT-Knoxville Digital Collections.

As we build to a national reckoning on extremist violence, and the former president’s role in stirring it up, I’m clearing the decks — OK, more accurately, going through the random stuff saved to my hard drive — for an ambitious rewrite of my paper on Swedish immigration in the 1850s. (Also a time of national reckoning, if you think about it.) In the process I came across this 1,000-word essay I apparently wrote in the wake of the Aug. 4, 2019, massacre of 22 Latinos in El Paso by a young man who echoed President Trump’s racist tropes about Mexicans. It recalled what Ralph McGill, legendary editor of the Atlanta Constitution, said about segregationist politicians of the day who stirred up hatred and then ever-so-circumspectly disassociated themselves from the inevitable consequences of their rhetorical flourishes.

I never got around to submitting it anywhere for publication, and I got distracted soon enough by something else. Such were the Trump years! Well, Trump’s gone now, at least from the White House, but not forgotten. And after rediscovering what I’d written in 2019, I think it’s still timely.

In fact now more than ever, I think the parallels I pointed out between today’s “colorblind” white nationalism and the slightly more open racism of segregationist opposition to the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s need to he heard.

So I’m publishing it to Ordinary Time before I delete it from my hard drive.

White nationalist violence brings back memories of Civil Rights backlash

President Trump checked all the right boxes – well, some of the right boxes – after a self-identified white nationalist allegedly shot 22 people to death in El Paso to persuade “the Hispanic population …  to return to their home countries.” Ignoring any echoes of his own earlier Twitterstorms urging migrants and minority members of Congress to go back to the “places from which they came,” Trump delivered prepared remarks condemning “racism, hatred and white supremacy.” Perhaps this time he meant it.

But the whole scene brought back memories.

In October 1958 the high school in Clinton, Tenn., my county seat, was dynamited. The crime was never solved, but Clinton High was the first public school in the South to be desegregated under federal court order after Brown v. Board of Education. So the racial animus wasn’t hard to figure out. Shortly thereafter, after midnight on Sunday, Oct. 12, the Jewish Temple in Atlanta was firebombed by a shadowy group calling itself the Confederate Underground. (Moviegoers of a later generation will remember it as the synagogue Jessica Tandy’s character belonged to in “Driving Miss Daisy.”)

Both acts were widely condemned, of course.  But Ralph McGill, editor of The Atlanta Constitution, wasn’t having any of it.

“This is a harvest,” McGill wrote after the Temple bombing. “It is the crop of things sown.

“To be sure, none said go bomb a Jewish temple or a school.

“But let it be understood that when leadership in high places in any degree fails to support constituted authority, it opens the gate to all those who wish to take law into their own hands.”

There are differences between the 1950s and the present, of course. The issue then centered on school desegregation; now it centers on immigration. History doesn’t repeat itself, as we so often hear, but it does rhyme.

And when Trump read his speech off the teleprompter – offering platitudes about “racist hate” and “the perils of the internet and social media – it rhymed like a whole epic in heroic couplets.

If Ralph McGill were here today, I’m sure he would have seen through the charade.

“There will be, to be sure, the customary act of the careful drawing aside of skirts on the part of those in high places,” he predicted in the next morning’s paper back in 1958.

“‘How awful,’ they will exclaim. ‘How terrible. Something must be done.’

“But the record stands. The extremists of the citizens’ councils, the political leaders who in terms violent and inflammatory have repudiated their oaths and stood against due process of law have helped unloose this flood of hate and bombing.”

Today’s extremists are different, of course. Instead of the White Citizens’ Council, we have dark money PACs, Russian internet trolls and white nationalists on social media platforms like 8chan. Instead of massive resistance to integrated schools, we have rallies where the president’s supporters shout “Send her back” when he mentions a political opponent and a U.S. senator offers to pay her airfare back to Africa.

But are all of today’s extremists so very different? Surely McGill would have recognized some of today’s white evangelical Christians who aid and abet the haters.

“This, too,” he said the day after the Temple bombing, “is a harvest of those so-called Christian ministers who have chosen to preach hate instead of compassion. Let them now find pious words and raise their hands in deploring the bombing of a synagogue.

“You do not preach and encourage hatred for the Negro and hope to restrict it to that field. It is an old, old story. It is one repeated over and over again in history. When the wolves of hate are loosed on one people, then no one is safe.”

McGill won a Pulitzer Prize for that editorial in 1959, and six years later President Lyndon Johnson awarded him the Presidential Freedom Medal. He fought the good fight when it was unpopular, even dangerous to do so, and his award was the same year as the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

There’s this, too. McGill’s columns were syndicated in the Knoxville papers, and I read them as a student at the University of Tennessee. With journalists like McGill –

and Horace V. Wells of The Clinton Courier-News, who also fought the good fight – as my heroes, I took inspiration as I wrote for The UT Daily Beacon and went on to cover police beat, school board and county commission meetings for papers in East Tennessee and later up north.

But, sadly, the good fight was never won. I suspect it never is.

Last year, after 11 people died in a mass shooting at the Tree of Life-Or L’Simcha synagogue in Pittsburgh and a white nationalist was charged with hate crimes in connection with the shooting, McGill’s 1958 editorial was reprinted widely. Ron Clark of the Poynter Institute for Media Studies, a Florida think tank for journalists, pointed up the similarities between the racists of McGill’s day and our president’s divisive rhetoric.

Words, Clark said, matter.

“That phrase is used frequently in reference to President Donald Trump and what are often called his “incendiary” tweets and speeches, his demonizing of political enemies and his scapegoating of certain ethnic groups, especially immigrants,” Clark said. “The argument goes that while the president did not pull the trigger, his language and political tactics have created a culture in which such acts could take place.”

In 1958 Ralph McGill concluded by urging Americans to stand up for the rule of law.

“It is late,” he said. “But there is time.”

Last year Clark of the Poynter Institute reprinted McGill’s editorial and urged his readers, mostly journalists, “Please read, learn and rededicate yourself to speaking truth to power.”

And he concluded in words similar to Ralph McGill’s.

“Written in 1958, published again in 2018,” Clark said.

“What can we learn?

“Is there yet time?”

Good questions. The answers, I suspect, have something to do with speaking truth to power. And if not now, when?

2 thoughts on “‘This is a harvest … of things sown’: White nationalist violence at the Capitol Jan. 6, in El Paso in 2019 and the South in 1958

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